Members

Grb

Grb

Regija

26

Ime občine

Municipality of Tolmin

Naslov

Ulica padlih borcev 2

Pošta

5220 Tolmin

Telefon

05 381 95 00

Fax

(05) 381 95 23

Župan

Uroš Brežan

Predlgajatelj župana

Youth Party of Slovenia and Liberal Democracy of Slovenia

Število prebivalcev

12,198

Število naselij

72

Površina

382 sq kilometres

Email

obcina.tolmin@obcina.tolmin.si

Spletni naslov

http://www.tolmin.si

Uradne ure

Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday: 8:00 – 14:00

Opis

The municipality of Tolmin is situated in north-western Slovenia, in the upper part of the Soča valley. Its central part is the Tolmin basin, the meeting point of four valleys: the Soča valley in the direction of Kobarid, the Soča valley in the direction of Kanal and Nova Gorica, the Idrijca and the Baška grapa valleys. The municipality borders Italy and the municipalities of Kobarid, Bohinj, Železniki, Cerkno, Idrija, Nova Gorica and Kanal. From a geographical point of view, the area comprises the Ĺ entviška plateau, the lower Idrijca valley, the Baška valley, the Tolminka valley with the Tolmin and Bohinj mountains, the little Tolmin basin, the Tolmin part of the pre-Alpine hills, and the north edge of the Banjška and the Trnovski gozd plateaus. The area is accessible from several directions: along the road through the Idrijca valley from the east or by taking the Nova Gorica-Bovec road which runs along the Soča valley. The only railway connection is along the Bača valley, which touches the Idrijca valley and then continues all the way down the Soča valley. The oldest traces of human settlements in the area go back to the second half of the 2nd millennium BC. The remains of a Bronze Age building from Most na Soči date back to this time. The year 1906 witnessed the arrival of the first train through the seven-kilometre Bohinjska Bistrica-Podbrdo tunnel, along the Baška grapa valley, to Most na Soči. This is the very railway which enabled the transport of Austro-Hungarian troops to the Soča Front during World War I. The First World War brought a stop to the rich social life of the area. A new border was drawn and the inhabitants of the Posočje region were left on the other - Italian side. The National Liberation Movement was strongly supported by people from the Primorska region. The turning point for the region was the fall of Italy on 8th September 1943. The war that was tragic for many individuals, families and villages ended in 1945. But the fight for a rightful border continued when the frontier inside the Julian March was drawn (zone A controlled by the Allied Forces, zone B by the Yugoslav armed forces). The River Soča became the border. The territory was divided until September 1947, when the Posočje region was joined to its motherland. Tensions along the border were still present, and ended only in 1975, when the Osim Agreement between Italy and Yugoslavia was signed. The first post-war years witnessed fast industrialization, which hastened the movement of people from mountainous villages into towns. Nature played tricks on this area many times – floods in 1925, extreme snowfalls in 1952, and devastating earthquakes in 1976 and 1998.

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